f& - 6 j/,

PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

GENERAL MEETINGS FOR SCIENTIFIC BUSINESS

OF THE

ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY

OF LONDON

FOR THE YEAR

1900.

PRINTED F'»i: THE SOCIETY, AND SOLD AT THEIR HOI SK IN II ANoVKK-Si >l \l;l

LONDON: MESSRS. LON OMAN'S, QBEBN, AND I P \i BBMOB1 I B BOH

LIST

OF THE

COUNCIL AND OFFICERS

OF THE

ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON.

1900.

COUNCIL.

{Elected April SOtli, 1900.)

The Duke of Bedford, President.

The Bt. Hon. Lord Avebury, P.C., F.B.S.

William Bateson, Esq., F.B.S.

William T. Blanford, Esq., LL.D., F.B.S., Vice-President.

William E. de Winton, Esq.

Charles Drummond, Esq., Trea- surer.

Sir Joseph Fayrer, Bt., F.B.S.

Gen. The Hon. Sir Pe"rcy Feilding, K.C.B.

Dr. Charles H. Gattt, LL.D.

F. DuCane GoDMAN,Esq.,D.C.L., F.B.S., Vice-President.

Dr. Albert Gunther, F.R.S., Vice-President.

Professor George B. Howes,

LL.D., F.B.S., Vice-President. Lt.-Col. Leonard H. Irby. Sir Hugh Low, G.C.M.G. P. Chalmers Mitchell, Esq. Sir Thomas Paine. The Hon. Lionel Walter

Bothschild, M.P. Howard Saunders, Esq., F.L.S.,

Vice-President. Philip Lutley Sclater, Esq.,

M.A.,Ph.D., F.B.S., Secretary. Oldfield Thomas, Esq. Dr. Henry Woodward, F.B.S.,

Vice-President.

PBINCIPAL OFFICEBS.

P. L. Sclater, Esq., M.A., Ph.D., F.B.S., Secretary.

Frane E. Beddard, Esq., M.A., F.B.S., Vice-Secretary and Prosector.

Mr. Clarence Bartlett, Superintendent of the Gardens.

Mr. Arthur Thomson, Head-Keeper and Assistant Super- intendent.

Mr. F. H. Waterhouse, Librarian.

Mr. John Barrow, Accountant.

Mr. W. H. Cole, Chief Cleric.

Mr. George Arthur Doubleday, Clerh of Publications.

S?cf6*/>

LIST

CONTRIBUTORS,

With References to the several Articles contributed by each.

Page Andrews, Charles AYilliam, D.Sc, B.A., F.Z.S. ; Smith,

Edgar A. ; Bernard, H. M. ; Kirkpatrick, B. ; and

Chapman, F. C.

On the Marine Fauna of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean). (Plates XII. & XIII.) 115

Annandale, Nelson, B.A.

Observations on the Habits and Natural Surroundings nt' Insects made during the " Skeal Expedition" to the Malay Peninsula, 1899-1900 837

Ai.'Umu. QjLBBBT, J. J PlBL, ( '. V. A.; A.U8TBK, K. B. ;

Dixit, I'. A.; Dbuos, Qxbbxbtj G-ahait, 0. J.;

MoLlOHLAV, Jv. : Bl IBB, M . ; ami POOOOK, Et. I.

< > i » a Colleetioi] of [need - and Arachnids made in I v '•'•">

and L8«7, b] Mr.C V. A. Peel, I'./.S.. in Somalilaml,

with Descriptions of nevi Bpecies. (Flatei I. l\.) .... I \L

a2

IV

Page Austen, E. E. ; Peel, C. V. A. ; Dixet, F. A. ; Deuce, Heb- beet; Gahajs*, C. J. ; Areow, G. J. ; McLachlax, B.J Buee, M. ; and Pocock, E. I.

On a Collection of Insects and Arachnids made in 1895 and 1897, by Mr. C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.S., in Somaliland, with Descriptions of new Species. (Plates_I.-IV.) 4

Babrett-Hamilton, G. E. H., F.Z.S.

Exhibition of, and remarks upon, specimens of Dormice of the Genus Muscardinus 85

Exhibition of skins of the Variable Hare (Lepus timidus Linn.) showing colour-variations, and descriptions of sub- species and varieties of this species 87

On a small Collection of Mammals obtained by Captain Deasy in South Chinese Turkestan and Western Tibet . . 196

On Geographical and Individual Variation in Mm syl- vaticus and its Allies. (Plate XXV.) 387

Bateson, William, M.A., E.E.S., F.Z.S.

On a Case of Homoeosis in a Crustacean of the Genus Asellus Antennule replaced by a Mandible 268

Beddaed, Eeank E., M.A., E.E.S., Vice-Secretary and Prosector to the Society.

On a Species of Earthworm from Western Tropical Africa, belonging to the Genus Benhamia 167

On the Brain of a Siamang (Hylobates syndactylus) . . 187

A Eevision of the Earthworms of the Genus Amyntas (PericJm(a) 609

On the Structure of a new Species of Earthworm of the Genus Benhamia 653

V

Tage Beddard, Frank E., M.A., F.R.S. (Continued.)

On the Anatomy of Bassaricrjon alleni 66 L

Notice of a Memoir on the Osteology of the Pigmy Right- Whale (Neobulana marginata) 775

On the Earthworms collected during the "Skeat Expedi- tion " to the Malay Peuiusula, 1S99-1900 891

On a new Species of Earthworm from India, belonging to the Genus Amyntas 998

Bedford, F. P., F.Z.S.

On Echiuoderms from Singapore and Malacca. (Plates XXI.-XXIV.) 271

Bell, Prof. F. Jeffrey, F.Z.S.

Eemarks on a Collection of Land-Planarians made by Dr. Goeldi, C.M.Z.S., in Brazil 266

Bekiiam, Prof. W. Blaxland, D.Sc, M.A., F.Z.S., Otago University, and Thomson, W. Malcolm, B.A. (N.Z.).

An Account of a Large Branchiate Polynoid from New Zealand, Lei>i<lonotus giganteus Bark. By W. Malcolm Thomson. With an Introduction by Professor W. Blax- land Beniiam. (Plates LX.-LXLI.) \)7 \

Beunard, II. M.: AJTDBBWB, < '. W.; Smith, ESdqAB A. j HjSKPAXBIOK, K.; and CHAFlfAV, 1"'. 0.

On the Marine Fanna of Christmas [sland (Indian Ocean). I Ratal 20I.fi XIII.) Ufi

B] \\i w, I'. !•:.. < ..M.Z.s.

Notes on the Zoological Garden of Berlin 299

VI

Page

Blanford, W. T., LL.D., F.E.S., V.P.Z.S.

Exhibition of a skull and horns of the Central Asiatic Wapiti 775

Bonhote, J. Lewis, F.Z.S.

On a Collection of Mammals from Siam made by Mr. T. H. Lyle. (Plate XVIII.) 191

On the Mammals collected during the "Skeat Expedition" to the Malay Peninsula, 1899-1900. (Plate LVI.) .... 869

Borradaile, L. A., M.A., F.Z.S., Lecturer in Natural Sciences at Selwyn College, Cambridge.

On a small Collection of Decapod Crustaceans from Freshwaters in North Borneo 93

On some Crustaceans from the South Pacific. Part IV. The Crabs. (Plates XL.-XLII.) 568

On some Crustaceans from the South Pacific. Part V. Arthrostracans and Barnacles. (Plate LI.) 795

Boulenger, George Albert, F.E.S., F.Z.S.

Note on an Error in the Description of the new Genus Xenotilapia published in the ' Transactions ' (vol. xv. p. 92). 3

Descriptions of new Eeptiles and Batrachians from Borneo. (Plates XIV.-XVII.) 182

Exhibition of, and remarks upon, a specimen of Polyptems lapradii with large external gills 267

A List of the Batrachians and Eeptiles of the Gaboon (French Congo), with Descriptions of new Genera and Species. (Plates XXVII.-XXXII.) 433

Exhibition of, and remarks upon, a specimen of a large Bornean Tortoise 661

Exhibition of one of the type specimens of Protoplerus dolloi from the Congo 775

Vll

Page Boulexger, Geoege Albert, F.R.S., F.Z.S., and Budgett, J. S., M.A., F.Z.S.

List of the Fishes collected by Mr. J. S. Budgetfc in the River Gambia. By G. A. Boulenger, F.R.S., F.Z.S. With Xotes by J. 8. Budgett, F.Z.S 511

Budgett, J. S., M.A., F.Z.S.

Xotice of a Memoir entitled " On some Points in the Anatomy of Poh/pterus " 430

Xotice of a Memoir on the breeding-habits of some West-African Fishes, with an Account of the External Features in the Development of Protojtterus annectens, and a Description of the Larva of Polypterus lapradii 83o

Bldgett, J. S., M.A., F.Z.S., and Boulestger, George Albert, F.R.S., F.Z.S.

List of the Fishes collected by Mr. J. S. Budgett in ' the River Gambia. By G. A. Boulexger, F.R.S., F.Z.S. With Xotes by J. S. Budgett, F.Z.S 51 i

Burr, Malcolm, F.Z.S.; Peel, C. V. A.; Austex, E. E. ; Dixey, F. A. ; Druce, Herbert ; Gahan, C. J. ; Arrow, G. J. ; McLachlan, R. ; and Pooook, R. I.

( )n a Collection of Insects and Arachnids made in 1895 and 1897, by Mr. C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.S., in Somaliland, with Descriptions of new Species. (Plates I.-IV.) .... 4

BUTLKK, AllTlll H (I \UDINHK. I'll. I)., F.L.8., F.Z.S., &C., Si'llinr

Assistant-Keeper, Zoological Department, Natural History Museum.

\ Revision of the Butterflies of the Genua /■

represented in the Collects E the British Museum.

(Plate XL) L04

On two Consignment! <>f Butterflies collected by Mr. Richard Crawshaj in the Kikuyu Countrj of British t Africa in 1899 and L900. (Plate lAlll.i 911

Page Butler, A. L., F.Z.S., Curator, Selangor State Museum.

On a new Serow from the Malay Peninsula 675

Cambuen, C. ; Shabpe, E. Bowdlee ; Mackinder, H. J. ; and Saunders, Eenest.

On the Birds collected during the Mackinder Expedition to Mount Kenya. By B. Bowdlee Shaepe. With Notes by H. J. Mackindeb, Eenest Saunders, and C. Cambuen. (Plate XLIII.) 596

Chapman, F. C. ; Andeews, C. "W. ; Smith, Edgae A. ; Beenaed, H. M. ; and Kiekpateick, E.

On the Marine Fauna of Christinas Island (Indian Ocean). (Plates XII. & XIII.) 115

Cocks, A. H., F.Z.S.

Note on the Gestation of the Pine-Marten 836

Crowley, Philip, F.L.S., F.Z.S.

On the Butterflies collected by the late Mr. John Whitehead in the Interior of the Island of Hainan (PlateXXXV.) 505

de Winton, William E., F.Z.S.

On the Mammals obtained in Southern Abyssinia by Lord Lovat during an Expedition from Berbera to the Blue Nile. (Plate X.) 79

Distant, W. L., F.E.S.

Eevision of the Ehynchota belonging to the Family Pentatomida in the Hope Collection at Oxford (Plates

LII. & LIII.) QA^

' 80/

IX

Dixey, F. A., M.A., M.D. ; Peel, C. V. A. ; Austen, E. E. ; Druce, Herbert ; Gahan, C. J. ; Arrow, G. J. ; McLachlan, E. ; Burr, M. ; and Pocock, E. I.

On a Collection of Insects and Arachnids made in 1895 and 1897, by Mr. C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.S., in Somaliland, with Descriptions of new Species. (Plates I.-IV.) .... 4

Druce, Herbert, F.L.S., F.Z.S. ; Peel, C. V. A. ; Austen, E. E. ; Dixey, F. A. ; Gahan, C. J. ; Arrow, G. J. ; McLachlan, E. ; Burr, M. ; and Pocock, E. I.

On a Collection of Insects and Arachnids made in 1895 and 1897, by Mr. C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.S., in Somaliland, with Descriptions of new Species. (Plates I.-IV.) .... 4

Fawcett, Lt.-Col. J. Malcolm, 5th Lancers.

Notice of a Memoir on the Transformations of some South African Lepidoptera 92

Flower, Capt. Stanley Smyth (5th Fusiliers), F.Z.S., Director of the Ghizeh Zoological Gardens, Cairo, Egypt.

On the Mammalia of Siam and the Malay Peninsula . . 306

Notes on the Fauna of the White Nile and its Tribu- taries 950

(Jaiian, C. J., M.A., F.E.S. ; Phil, C. V. A.; Austia,

E. E. ; Dixey, F. A. ; Dim i k. II krhert ; Arrow,

Q-.J.j .M cLaOHLAK, E. j Burr, M. ; and Pocock, K. I.

<)ii Collection of Insects and Arachnids made in L895 and 1897, by Mr. C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.8., in Somaliland, with Description! of aem Species. (Platea I.-IV.) .... I

(hc\m, W. K. Ogilth, of the British bfoseom (Natural I [istorj ).

On the Birds of Hainan. (Platea WW III. &

XXXIV.) 467

Page

Hinde, Sydney L.

Remarks on the Mammals observed during five years' residence in British East Africa 267

Howes, Prof. George B., LL.D., F.R.S., V.P.Z.S., and Swinnerton, H. H., B.Se.

Notice of a Memoir on the Development of the Skeleton of the Tuatera (Sphenodon {Hatteria) pnnctatus) 516

Jacoby, Martin, F.E.S.

On new Genera and Species of Phytophagous Coleo- ptera from South and Central Africa. (Plate XX.) .... 203

Johnston, Sir Harry H., K.C.B., F.Z.S.

Letter from, containing an account of a supposed new species of Zebra inhabiting the Congo Forest 774

Kidd, Walter, M.D., F.Z.S.

The Significance of the Hair- Slope in certain Mammals. 676

Kirkpatrick, E. ; Andrews, C. W. ; Smith, Edgar A. ; Bernard, H. M. ; and Chapman, F. C.

On the Marine Fauna of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean). (Plates XII. & XIII.) 115

Kyle, H. M., M.A., B.Sc, St. Andrews.

On a new Geuus of Flat-fishes from New Zealaud .... 986

Laidlaw, F. F., B.A.

On the Frogs collected during the " Skeat Expedition" to the Malay Peninsula, 1899-1900. (Plate LVI1.) 883

Lanchester, W. F., M.A., Kiug's College, Cambridge.

On a Collection of Crustaceans made at Singapore and Malacca. Part I. Crustacea Brachyura. (Plates XLIV.- XLYII.) 719

XI

Page Loxxberg, Dr. Eixar, of Upsala University.

On the Soft Anatomy of the Musk-Ox (Ovihos moschatus) 142

On a remarkable Piece of Skin from Cueva Eberhardt, Last Hope Inlet, Patagonia 379

On the Structure and Anatomy of the Musk-Ox (Ovibos moschatug) 686

Lvuekkee, KlCIIABD, B.A., F.R.S., F.Z.S.

Exhibition of, on behalf of Mr. Rowland "Ward, and remarks upon, the skin and horns of Ovis sairensis 113

Exhibition of, and remarks upon, the skulls, horns, and skins of an Ibex, thought to be referable to Oapra nbirica dauvergnei 114

Remarks on some errors in his papers published in the 4 Proceedings ' in 1899 43< I

Exhibition of, and remarks upon, a mounted specimen of the Musk-Ox from East Greenland 832

M U KINhKi;. II. J.j Bhabpb, R. Bowdler ; Saunders, Ebjtssx ; and Camburx, 0.

On the Birds collected during the Mackiuder Expedition to Mount Kenya. By R. Bowdi .1:1: Shabpb. With Notes by J I.. I. Mac kinder, Ernest Saunders, and C. Cambubb*. (Plate XI. I II.) 596

Mi iLai iu.w. Bobxbt, I'. U.S., F.Z.S. ; Pexl, G V. Lj

Ai -tin, B. K. ; DlZST, I'. \. ; DBl OS, III BBBBX ;

< i mi \n, < '. .1. : Akk'iu. ( i. .1. ; Bl SB, M. ; and l'"i k, EL I.

On a Collection of [nseetaand Arachnida mad.' in L805 and L897, bj Mr. < '. V. i. Peel, I'./.s., in Bomaliland, with Deacriptiona oi nev Speciea. (Flatea I. IV.) .... I

Xll

Page Major, Dr. C. I. Forsyth, F.Z.S.

Exhibition of, and remarks upon, some bones of a species of Macacus from the Mauritius 832

Remarks on remains of Cyon sardous from a cave in Sardinia 833

Newstead, E., F.E.S.

On a new Scale-Insect from Zomba, British Central Africa. (Plate LIX.) 947

Peel, C. V. A., F.Z.S. ; Austen, E. E. ; Dixey, F. A.; Deuce, Herbert ; Gahan, C. J. ; Arrow, G. J. ; McLachlan, E. ; Burr, M. ; and Pocock, E. I.

On a Collection of Insects and Arachnids made in 1895 and 1897, by Mr. C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.S., in Somaliland, with Descriptions of new Species. (Plates I.-IV.) .... 4

Pocock, E. I., of the British Museum (Natural History) ; Peel, C. V. A.; Austen, E. E. ; Dixey, F. A.; Druce, Herbert ; Gaha>", C. J. ; Arrow, G. J. ; McLachlan, E. ; and Burr, M.

On a Collection of Insects and Arachnids made in 1895 and 1897, by Mr. C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.S., in Somaliland, with Descriptions of new Species. (Plates I.-IV.) .... 4

Punnett, E. C, B.A.

On some Nemerteans from Torres Straits. (Plates LI V. & LV.) 825

Saunders, Ernest ; Sharpe, E. Bowdler ; Mackinder, H. J. ; and Camburn, C.

On the Birds collected during the Mackinder Expedition to Mount Kenya. By E. Bowdler Sharpe. With Notes by H. J. Mackinder, Ernest Saunders, and C. Camburn. (Plate XLIII.) 596

zm

Page Sclater, Philip Lutley, M.A., Ph.D., F.R.S., Secretary to the Society.

Report on the Additions to the Society's Menagerie in December 1S99 1

Exhibition of a photograph of, and remarks upon, a young specimen of the Rocky-Mountain Goat (Ha^loceros montanus) 1

Exhibition and List of a Collection of Birds from Fort Jameson, British South Africa 1

Report on the Additions to the Society's Menagerie in January 1900 84

Report on the Additions to the Society's Menagerie in February 1900 181

Report on the Additions to the Society's Menagerie in March 1900 306

Report on the Additions to the Society's Menagerie in April 1900 429

Exhibition of a specimen and description of a new species of Reedbuck proposed to be called Oervicapra thonuuince. (Plate XXVI.) L29

Announcement of Mr. J. S. Budgett's departure on his second expedition to the Gambia 516

Report on the Additions to the Society's Menagerie in May 1900 659

Exhibition, on behalf of Mr. J. Lane Huxley, of a cast of a portion of the jaw of an Ichthyosaurus from Queens- land 860

Notice of an article in ' The Asian,' by M r. I']. C. Stuart Baker, OOBOeming the (taur and (Java! 661

Report on the Addition! to the Society's Menagerie

during Jnne, .July, August, September, and October, L900. (Plate \1.\ ill.) 771

XIV

Page Sclateb, Philip Ltttley, M.A., Ph.D., F.E.S. (Continued.)

Remarks on some of the objects noticed during a recent visit to the Zoological Gardens of Hamburg, Berlin, and Eotterdam 772

Eemarks on the herd of Barbary Apes on the Bock of Gibraltar 773

Letter from the Colonial Secretary on the proposed introduction of Starlings into St. Kitts, West Indies .... 832

Report on the Additions to the Society's Menagerie in November 1900 949

Exhibition of, and remarks upon, a skull and horns of the Square-mouthed Rhinoceros and mounted heads of two Antelopes obtained by Major A. St. H. Gibbons on the Upper Nile 949

Exhibition of, and remarks upon, two bandoliers made from the skin of a supposed new species of Zebra 950

Siiarpe, Emily Maey.

On a Collection of Butterflies from the Bahamas. (Plate XIX.) 197

Siiarpe, R. Bowdleb, LL.D., E.L.S., E.Z.S. ; Mackindee,

H. J. ; Saunders, Ernest ; and Camburn, C.

On the Birds collected during the Mackinder Expedition

to Mount Kenya. By E. Bowdleb Shaepe. "With Notes

by H. J. Mackixder, Ernest Saunders, and C. Cambuen.

(Plate XLIII.) 596

Shebbobn, C. Davies, F.Z.S.

Eemarks on the progress of the ' Index Animalium' . . 430

Smith, Edgar A., F.Z.S. ; Andbews, C. W. ; Beenabd, H. M. ; Kibkpateick, E. ; and Chapman, F. C.

On the Marine Fauna of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean). (Plates XII. & XIII.) 115

Page

Spexceb, Baldwin, M.A., F.K.S., C.M.Z.S., Professor of Biology in the University of Melbourne, Director of the National Museum, Melbourne.

A Description of Wynyardia basnana, a Fosssil Mar- supial from the Tertiary Beds of Table Cape, Tasmania. (Plates XLIX. & L.) 770

Sxebbin-g, Eev. Thomas B, E., M.A., F.E.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S.

On some Crustaceans from the Falkland Islands collected by Mr. Eupert Yallentin. (Plates XXXVL- XXXIX.) 517

Swixxerton, H. H., B.Sc, and Howes, Prof. George B., LL.D., F.E.S., V.P.Z.S.

Xotice of a Memoir on the Development of the Skeleton of the Tuatera (SjJtenodon (Hatteria) punctata*) ">1<;

Thomas, Oldfield, F.Z.s.

Exhibition of, and remarks upon, some mounted heads of Antelopes from Fashoda and the Sobat River 84

On the Mammals obtained in South-western Arabia by Messrs. Percival and Dodson 95

Exhibition of, and remarks upon, a skin of a new species of Kangaroo, proposed to be called Macropus hedfordi 112

Exhibition of, and remarks upon, a skin of a in\\ 8ub- species of Kangaroo from Western Australia, proposed tn be named Macropus robtutus o rvintu LIS

List of Mammals obtained bv Mr. H. .1. Mackinder during bis reoenl Expedition i" Mounl Kenya, British Bast A Erica ' ~;*

List of Mammals obtained bj l»r. Donaldson Smith daring bis reoenl Journej from Lake Rudolf i" the

Upper Nil- 800

XVI

Page

Thompson, Prof. D'Aecy W., C.B., F/R.S.

On a rare Cuttlefish, Ancistroteuthis robusta (Dall\ Steenstrup 992

Thomson, Aethue, Assistant-Superintendent and Head- Keeper of the Society's Menagerie.

Eeport on the Insect-house for 1899 181

Thomson, W. Malcolm, B.A. (N.Z.), and Benham, Prof. W. Blaxland, D.Sc, M.A., F.Z.S., Otago University.

An Account of a Large Branchiate Polynoid from New Zealand, Lepidonotus giganteus Kirk. By W. Malcolm Thomson. With an Introduction by Professor W. Blax- land Benham. (Plates LX.-LXII.) 974

Waebueton, Cecil, M.A., Christ's College, Cambridge.

On a remarkable Attid Spider from Borneo, Mantis- atta trucidans, n. g. et sp 384

Woodwabd, Aethue Smith, LL.D., F.Z.S.

On some Remains of Grypotherium (Neomylodon) listai and .associated Mammals from a Cavern near Consuelo Cove, Last Hope Inlet, Patagonia. (Plates V.-IX.) .... 64

LIST OF PLATES. 1900.

64

Plate Fh-;<»

I. Lepidoptera, CoJeoptera, &c. from Somaliland

II. ( Irthoptera from Somaliland [

III. licks from Somaliland f

IV. Scorpions from Somalilund

VI )

..., " .- Grupotherium littai

\ II. i JI

VIII. J

IX. 1. Grypotfwium lietai. 2. Felti unqa. 8. Arctotkerkan

sp. inc

X. Dendromyt looati 7'.»

X I. Species of ZXzera 104

viii ■""M""'-' B ?mm ( 'nristmaa [aland 1 1">

XIV. 1. Ijygosoma thelfordi. 'J. Distira taravacentis. . . .>

X V. Lepturophit borneeruu

XVI. Xenelaphit ellipei/i r L82

XVII. L. Asnblycephabu nuchalit. 2, Rhacophorus thelfordi. ! 3, Lcaliu petertii, 1. Calophryne heterochirut ,.)

XVIII. Petattriata k/lei 191

XIX. Papilio bonhotei 1 '. '7

XX. African Phytophagous < loleoptera

XXIt)

' ' l biooderms from Singapore and Malacca ".71

XXIV. I

X.W I Mu» tylvaticua princep 2, \£ut tylvatici

XXVI. ( 'ervieapra ihoma 128

Pboi . ZoOL, 8<X . 1 6

Plate

XXVII.

XXVIII.

XXIX. XXX.

XXXI.

XXXII.

XXXIII.

XXXIV.

XXXV.

XXXVI.

XXXVII.

XXXVIII.

XXXIX.

XL.

XLI.

XLII.

XLIII.

XLIV.

XLV.

XLVI.

XLVII.

XLVIII.

XLIX.

L.

LI.

LII.

Lin.

LIV.

LV.

LVI.

LVII.

LVIII.

LIX.

LX.

LXI.

LXII.

xvm

Pa«e

1. Bufo latifrons. 2. Arthroleptis inguinalis,^\

3. Dilobates platycephalm. 4. Bappiaplatyceps. . 1. Scotubleps gnbonicus. 2. Phrynvi^at rachus axritns.

3. Phrynobatraehus latirostrig t

Gampsosteonyx batesii i

Trichobatrachus robustus j

1. Poromera fordii. 2. Mabuia batesii I

Boulengerina annulata J

Nyeticorax magnified I , -„

GenncBus whiteheadi, <S &- $ i

Butterflies from Hainan 606

Halicarcinus ovatus. Halicarcinus planatus \

Euphausia vattentini '

Iais pubescens I ° '

Exosphceroma gigas J

Crabs from the South Pacific 568

Bubo mac/emderi 596

> Crustaceans from Singapore and Malacca 719

ConnocJicetes taurina, <5 jr , 771

Wynyardia bassiana 77<>

Crustaceans from the South Pacific 7(.)~>

[ Rhynchota of the Family Pentatomida 807

[ Nemerteans from Torres Straits 825

Mus ciliata 80'.)

Frogs from the Malay Peninsula 883

New Butterflies from East Africa 91]

Walkeriana pertinax 94 7

Lepidonotus gig aniens , . 1)74

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE TEXT.

1900.

V:\pn

Arvicanthu* abyssinicus, Right upper molar series of 81

Arvicanthua dembeensia, Ii iirlit upper molar series of 81

Littledale'e Sheep (Ovis sairensis), .Male of, in winter coat 114

Musk-ox, Papillae of the paunch of the L48

Musk-ox, < 'ells of the reticulum of the 149

Musk-ox, Irregular folds in caecum of the I">1

Musk-ox, < ireat and small intestines of the 162

Musk-OX, Liver, pill-bladder, and part, of the duodenum of the .... L56

Musk-ox, Spleen of the 156

Musk-ox, Larynx of the 157

Musk-ox, Tracheal ring of the 158

Musk-ox, Lung of the L59

Musk-ox, Penis of the ltil

Musk-ox, Udder of the female 16 1

Benhamia axcifera, Ventral surface of anterior segments 168

Benhamia ccecifera, Calciferous glands 1.0

Benhamia ascifera, Septum with intestine &c, cul across 171

Tachi/i /!/■ i ■->.',< nden ibeanus, Skull of 180

Siamang, Brain of, inner view of left hemisphere 188

Siamang, Brain of) dor ml aspect 189

Am But aquations, Head of, seen from dorsal side 269

:i mandibh i if, to how details 270

Rhabdocida feraf Table of measurements of 276

i rid '•• ction) 2i9

Taphozoue melanopogon, J, Head of, three-quarter and profile view

if skin from Oueva Eberhardl I

m graphic re] luction of lome oj ofthepieo

(from Oueva Bberhardt) 381

Manti much enlarged

Page

Mantisatta trucidans, 2 > Ocular area of ;>s,>

Mantisatta trucidans, $ , in profile 381 !

Mantisatta trucidans, 2 , Under surface of anterior part of, with

enlarged view of epigyne 386

Nectophryne afra, Hand and foot of, showing the subarticular

tubercles of the fingers and toes 436

Cardioglossa gracilis 44< 1

Benhamia budgetti, Ventral surface of 654

BenJiamia budgetti, General dissection of 656

Benhamia budgetti, Penial seta of, greatly magnified 658

Ichthyosaurus, Fragment of jaw of 660

Bassaricyon alleni, Manus of, illustrating the vibrissas upon the

wrist 663

Bassaricyon alleni, Tongue of, dorsal view 664

Bassaricyon alleni, Liver of, abdominal aspect 666

Cercokptes, Ovary and oviduct of right side of 667

Bassaricyon alleni, Brain of, dorsal and lateral views 668

Bassaricyon alleni. Cervical vertebras of, ventral view 073

Cercoleptes caudivolvulus, Cervical vertebras of, ventral view 673

lied Deer, Lion, Horse, Heads of, showing hair-slope on frontal and

nasal regions 678

Horse, View of, showing post-humeral and inguinal whorls with

feathering 683

Horse, Front view of pectoral region of, the left side showing muscles with opposing actions, the right showing pectoral

whorl with feathering 684

Musk-ox, Schematic sketches Bhowing different stages of the

development of the horn of the 688

Musk-ox, Longitudinal section through a full-grown born of the,

showing lines indicating the growth at different periods 669

Musk-ox, Lateral view of the Skull of an old male, showing the

horn-core and the remains of the reabsorbed exostoses 691

Musk-ox, Lateral view of a longitudinal section of a horn of an old male, showing the structure of the inner part of the basal horn- layer, which has taken the place of the exostoses, and the lines

indicating the periodical growth of the same . 692

Musk-ox, Section of skull of the 697

Musk-ox, Section of a part of the skull of the 698

Musk-ox, Palatal surface of skull of 707

Musk-ox, Mandibles of male and female 70: i

Musk-ox, Section through the tip of a milk-incisor of a 710

Bus taunts, Section through a milk-incisor of a calf of 711

Wynyardia bassiana, Portion of right femur 786

Wynyardia bassiana, The same, upper extremity, from above 786

Wynyardia bassiana, Portion of right fibula, anterior aspect 787

Wynyardia bassiana, The same, posterior aspect 7*7

Hymenopus bicornis, Pupa of, on inflorescence of Melastoma poly- anthum 840, 841

XXI

Page

Amyntas malaj/anus, Anterior end of 894

Amyntas polytheoa, Anterior end of 898

. Imyntas artnyeanus, Anterior end of 901

Amyntas kalontanensis, Anterior end of 903

. Lmynta8 ptdauensis, Anterior end of 905

Amyntas evansiy Anterior end of 907

Amyntas biportu, Anterior end of 910

. Ipst tta thompsoni, Outlines of 987

Apaetta thompsoni : under surface of bead, showing the position of

the ventral tins 987

, Ipsetta thompsoni : anterior part of head with mouth open 987

Ancistroteuthis, Upper and lower mandibles of 994

Ancistroteuthis : A, right tentacular club of; B, extremity of

tentacle of 997

Amyntas aiezandri, Anterior extremity of 999

Amyntas heterochattus, A. trmifatis, A. alexandri, Spermathecaj of . 1001 Amyntas heterochatus, A. trinitatis, A. alexandri, Spermiducal

grh.nds of 1001

Zool. Boo. 1900

LIST OF NEW GENERIC TERMS

PKOPOSED IN THE PRESENT VOLUME (1900).

Page

Actaeopsis (Crust.) 741

Actuariii3 (Rhynch.) 814

ratios (Bhynch.) 813

Avicenna (Rhynch.) 815

Burria (Orthopt.) .'17

Cardioglossa (Rept.) 445

Charieis (Orthopt.) 3fi

Dilobatee (Rept.) 443

Dromidiopsis (Crust.) 572

E-toourtiana (Coleopt.) 260

Exospha?roma (Crust.) 553

Favus (Crust.) 767

Gampsosteonyx (Rept.) 442

Page Kalula (Rhynch.) 809

Lepturophis (Rept.) 183

Mantisatta (Arachn.) 384

Melampodius (Rhynch.) 817

Microhermesia (Coleopt.) 220

Milititsa (Orthopt.) 42

Odontiomorpha (Coleopt.) 238

Sauracris (Orthopt. ) .. 40

Scotobleps (Rept.; 438

Syntarucus (Lepid.) 929

Trichobatrachus (Rept.) 443

Xenocarcinoides ( Crust.) 573

PROCEEDINGS

GENERAL MEETINGS FOR SCIENTIFIC BUSINESS

ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON.

January 23, L900. Dr. Albert Gubtthbb, F.R.S., Y.P., in the Chair.

The Secretary read the following report on the additions to the Society's Menagerie 'luring the month of December 1899 :

The registered additions to the Society's Menagerie during the month of December \^i)i) were t>9 in number. Of these 25 neiv acquired by presentation and 11 by purchase, 2 wen- born in the Gardens, and 3] were received on deposit. The total number of departures during the same period, by death and removals, was I '■> 1 .

Mr. Sclater exhibited a photograph of a young specimen of the . Mountain Wild Goal (Hajjloceros montanus) now in cap- tivity in Brit l ibia, which had been forwarded to him l>v Dr. A. R. 0. Selwyn, C.M.G., b\B.S., C.M.Z.S., and read a letter from that gentleman kindly offering his assistance in obtaining specimen for the Society's Collection. It was stated to have been captured on the Loth June a shooting partj near

Columbia. The mother was shot and the kid cap- tured. I' was then about a month >>id and weighed onlj 6 lbs. ( > 1 1 the 22nd December Last it weighed 55 lbs. and had an excellent winter coat) as was shown in the photograph.

Mr. Sclater exhibited a collection of Birds formed bj Mr. Ufred Hharpe, C.B., C.M.Z.S., durh I journej from Zomba to the

Paoo. Zool. Boo.— 1900, No. I. I

ON BIRDS FROM BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA..

[Jan. 23,

British South Africa Company's headquarters at Fort Jameson in Mpeseni's country in Northern Rhodesia. Mr. Sclater added that the 135 specimens had been kindly determined by Capt. Shelley, and referred by him to 66 species, of which the following was a list (according to Capt. Shelley's nomenclature) with the localities added :

9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

25. 26.

27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45.

Cinny ris falkensteini

Chalcomi tra kirki

Antbothreptes longuemarii .

Par us afer

Motacilla vidua

Anthus rufuluB

Macronyx croceus

Mirafra fiscberi

Pyrrhulauda amitbi

Pas.-er difl'usus

Vidua principalis

paradisea

Ur< ibrucbva axillaris

Pyromelana xanthomelana .

flaminiceps

Ploceipasser pect oralis

Hyphantorni? shelleyi

Oriolus Larvatus

Lamprocolius sycobius

Prionops talacoma

Campopbaga nigra

Fiseus collaris

sousae

Euneoctonus collurio

Laniarius mosambicus

Dryoscopus cubla

Telephonus Senegal us

Malaconotus blanchoti

Audropadus oleaginus

Erythropygia barbata

Turdus libonianus

Bradyornis murinus

Eurystomus glaucurus

Coracias caudatus

Rhinopomastes cyanomelas .

Ceryle rudis

Corytbornis cyanostigoia ....

Halcyon chelicutensis

Colius erythromelon

Scbizorbis concolor

Centropus burchelli

Coccystes cafer

Cbrysococcvx oupreus

Melanobucco torquatus .... Siuilorhis sowerbvi

No. in Shelley's

List'

3fl

54

74 124 143 | 165 170 198 234 268 312 316 328 333 338 470 543 572 600 666 675 693 7<)i 709

723

742

751

778

844 1143 \S/A 1302 1509 1515 L559 1599 1606 1619 1638 1664 1690 L696 1712 1731) 1759

Locality (where stated).

Mkukula.

Buwa.

Buwa.

Liwonde.

Buwa.

Katanga.

Eatunga and Mkukula.

Katunga and Mkukula.

Kotakota.

Buwa, Mkukula, Katunga.

Mkukula and Kotakota.

Liwonde.

Katunga.

Buwa.

Li wonde.

Buwa.

Buwa.

Mkukula and Buwa.

Buwa.

Kotakota, Mkukula, and

Buwa. Kasungu. Kasungu. Buwa. Buwa. Liwonde. Buwa. Buwa.

Katanga and Kotakota. Kotakota. Liwonde. Liwonde. Idwonde. Kotiikota. Kotakota. Liwonde.

Kotakota and Liwonde. Kotakota. Liwonde. .Mkukula.

Katunga and Buwa. Katunga and Buwa.

1900.] MR. G. V. BOULENGBB OX TILE QEHTUS XEXuXlL.UUA.

No. in Shelley'a

List.

Locality (where stated).

46.

47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64.

1812 1 8! 15 2025 2030 2( 146 2060 2082 2123 2149 2153 2154 2205 2255 22'. 17 23 24 2346 2441 2445 2484 2501 25 17

Buwa.

Kotakota. Liwonde. Liwonde.

Liwonde. Liwonde. Liwonde.

Kotakota. Kotakota. Kotakota. Kotakota.

Liwonde. Kotakota.

Katunga.

Buwa and Katunga.

Liwonde and Katunga. Buwa and Katunga. Alkukula.

Buwa.

Asturinula monogrammiua

Astur polvzonoides

Phalacrocorax lucidus

africanus

Larus cirrhocephalus

Tuntix lepurana

Lobivanellua lateralis

65.

66.

Cureorius tominincki

Mr. Sclater remarked that the route from Lake Nyasa to Mpesem'a country and Fort Jameson would he found described in an article by Mr. li. I. Money and Dr. Kellett .Smith in the ographical Journal' for 1897 (vol. x. p. L46).

Capt. Shelley had informed Mr. Sclater that examples of the following 3 species had not previously been obtained in Nyasaland, but it should be remarked that Fort Jameson itself, being over the water-parting, was just outside the border of the B. C. A. Protectorate :

1. Parua afer Gm. : G-adow, Cat. B. viii. p. 39.

Nbl \>v< riously recorded from the north of the Zambesi.

2. Smihrhis towerbyi Sharpe, Ibis, 1898, p. 57-, pi. xii. lig. 1. Originally described from Blashunaland.

:;. Phalaerocorax lucidus I Lieut.): Grant, Cat. B. zxvi. p. 351.

\ communication was road from .Mr. <;. A. Boolenger pointing nut that an unfortunate mistake, for which he was in no way

responsible, had I made in printing the characters of the genus

tilapia in part I of vo\.xv. of the Society's Transactions, lately issued. The characters of the genus Xenotilapia (page 92)

should -land as follows :

X i;\i.i n.M'iA, g. n.

ly moderately elongate ; scales ctenoid ; three lateral lines. i -mall. \<r\ protractile; upper jaw with two series of minute

4 mb. c. v. a. pei;l Aim others on [Jan. 23,

conical teeth ; mandibular teeth turned outwards, in a single series; maxillary concealed under the prseorbital when the mouth is closed. A large papillose pad on each side of the pharynx, between the gills. Dorsal with 14 or 15 spines, anal with 3.

The following papers were read :

1. On a Collection, of Insects and Arachnids made in 1895 and 1897, by Mr. C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.S., in Somaliland, with Descriptions of new Species. By C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.S., E. F. Austen, F. A. Dixey, M.A., M.D., Herbert Drece, F.L.S., F.Z.S., C. J. Gahax, M.A., Gilbert J. Arrow, R. McLachlan, F.R.S., Malcolm Burr, F.Z.S., and R. I. Pocock.

[Eeceived November fJ, lS'J'J.]

(Plates I.-IV.)

Contents.

Page

1. Narrative of the Expeditions. By C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.S 4

i'. Diptera. By E. E. Adstes 7

3. Lepidoptera Rhopaloeera. By P. A. Dixey. M.A., M.D 10

4. Lepidoptera Heterocera. By Herbert Drvcs, F.Z.S. , F.L.S. 17

5. Coleoptera. By C. J. Gahah, M.A., and Gilbert J. Arrow... 21

6. Xeuroptera. By R. MVL.m iilan, F.R.S 34

7. Orthoptera. By Malcolm Blur, F.Z.S., and Dr. C. Brcxner

v. Watte.wyvl 35

8. Insects of other Orders. By various Contributors 46

9. C'hilopoda and Araehnida. By R. I. Pocock 48

10. General List of the Scorpions of Somaliland and the Boran

Country. By R. I. Pocock 55

11. Explanation of the Plates 63

1. Narrative or tue Expeditions. By C. V. A. Peel, F.Z.S., P.RG.S.

(First expedition to Somaliland. April 10 to August 7, 1895.)

Somaliland has always been known as the big-game hunter's paradise, and in consequence but few have had the energy to collect insects as well. Mr. E. Lort Phillips and Dr. Donaldson -Smith, however, are notable exceptions. I always kept a killing- bottle in my tent and also collected outside whatever I happened to meet, but I must honestly confess that I never devoted my time seriously to collecting insects. Owing to the great sameness of thorn-bush and undergrowth, the Lepidoptera of Somaliland are dis- appointing. The Butterflies are few and somewhat uninteresting,

P Z. S 190 0. PL I.

'■

I

p.z.s. 1900. pi.n.

-

FOP. /

W«»(,N» ■•

or-:--

P. Z.S.1900. PI. III.

?. Z.S.1900. PI IV.

F 0 Pickard-C»mL:

SO

1900.1 nrBBOTS axd abachnids ntcm som.mjl.vxd. 5

and the Moths are very local. The latter were nearly all collected on the banks of river-beds where there were trees, long grass, ami undergrowth. The Beetles, on the other hand, simply swarmed, and there was also no lack of Orthoptera, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Arachnida, &c.

( >n April 20tb, 1S95, 1 started from Berbera, the coast town of Somaliland, wending my way south-west along the maritime plain to Hargaisa. Insect-life was by no means plentiful in this hot parched-up desert country, but birds were numerous by the sides of the dried-up river-beds.

Hargaisa is a permanent Somali village on a gentle slope, over- looking a river-bed. There was luxuriant undergrowth and a few trees. Insect-life was consequently more plentiful, and I collected my first butterflies and moths here. Of the latter, the large species Cyllogramma latoaa Or. and Sphingomorpha chlorea Cr. came to my lantern in great quantities at night. After leaving Hargaisa, I went south across the great waterless Haud .District, through dense thorn-bush jungle. En route we suddenly emerged upon the Bun Saylah, a large open plain literally covered with game, notably Oryx, Hartebeest, Soemmerring'a Gazelle, and ( )striches. It took us a day to cross this, and then w e entered dense jungle again. All this time I did but little insect-collecting, as, owing to the scarcity of water, 1 was always on the quick march. At Sassabanab we encountered water in deep wells and under the surface of a river-bed, the Webbi Jerrar. Here I collected some of the ticks described. Thence I inarched to the Boorgha Country, and passed the everlasting red Band, entering a stony, billy district. In this latter, Orthoptera were very numerous. I went as far as Mount Kuldush, marching along the Webbi Shebeyli, the greai river of Somaliland.

The banks of this river were lined with trees and dense jungle, and butterflies and other insects were very abundant. Being unable to find a path for tbe camels down to the river-edge, and as 1 v;i« running Bborl <>!' fund, and many of my men had fever, I retraced my steps at the end of dune. | followed the Side River for a long way and reached Hun