7 7


+ oa


Areheolagical aud Potural Wistory MAGAZINE,

Published under the Direction




Et DEVIZES : _ PRINTED AND SOLD FoR THE Society By C. H. Woopwarp, ort as 4, St. Joun Srpzer.


Z Price, 3s. 6d. Members, Gratis. eo a

a NOTK [EMBE ae TAKE NOTIOK, that a copious Index for the prece volumes of the Magazine will be found at the end « Vill.; XVL, and xxiv. Ee Members who have not paid their Subscriptions to the Society for the current year, are requested to remit the same forthwith to the Financial Secretary, Mr. Davin Owen, Bank Chambers, Devizes, to whom also all communications as to the supply of Magazines should be addressed. The Numbers of this Magazine will be delivered gratis, as issued, ag to Members who are not in arrear of their Annual Subserip-" tions, but in accordance with Byelaw No. 8 “The Financial Secretary shall give notice to Members in arrear, and the Society’s publications will not be forwarded to Members whose Subscriptions shall remain unpaid after such notice.”

All other communications to be addressed to the Honorary Secre-. taries: H. E. Meptacorr, Esa., Sandfield, Potterne, Devizes ; and the Rey. E. H. Gopparp, Clyffe Vicarage, Wootton Bassett.

A resolution has been passed by the Committee of the Society, “that it is highly desirable that every encouragement should . be given towards obtaining second copies of Wiltshire Parish

_ Registers.’’



THE BRITISH AND ROMAN ANTIQUITIES OF THE NORTH WILTSHIRE DOWNS, by the Rev. A. C. SMITH, M.A. One Volume, Atlas 4to, 248 pp., 17 large Maps, and 110 Woodcuts, Extra Cloth. Price £2 2s. One copy offered to each Member of the Society, at £1 11s. 6d.

THE FLOWERING PLANTS OF WILTSHIRE. One Volume, 8vo, 504 pp., with map, Extra Cloth. By the Rev. T. A. Preston, M.A. Price to the Public, 16s.; but one copy offered to every Member of the Society at half-price.


CATALOGUE or tHe SOCIETY'S LIBRARY at tat MUSEUW. Price 3s. 6d; to Members, 2s.6d. APPENDIX No. L. and IL., 3d. each.


BACK NUMBERS or toe MAGAZINE. Price to the Public, 5s. 6d. aad 3s. 6d. (except in the case of a few Numbers, the price of which is raised). Members are allowed a reduction of 25 per cent. from these prices. r

STONEHENGE AND ITS BARROWS, by W. Long. Nos. 46-7 of the 3 Magazine in separate wrapper, 7s. 6d. This still remains the best and most reliable account of Stonehenge and its Earthworks. Ey.

GUIDE to tut STONES or STONEHENGE, with Map, by W. Cunnington, F.G.S. Price 6d. é

WILTSHIRE—THE TOPOGRAPHICAL COLLECTIONS OF JOU AUBREY, F.R.S., A.D., 1659-1670. Corrected and Enlarged by the Rev. Cano J. E. Jackson, M.A., F.S.A. In 4to, Cloth, pp. 491, with 46 plates. Price £2 10s =

INDEX OF ARCHAOLOGICAL PAPERS. The alphabetical Index « rd Papers published in 1891, 1892, 1893, and 1894, by the various Archzolog and Antiquarian Societies throughout England, compiled under the direction | the Congress of Archzeological Societies. Price 3d. each. 3 a

‘~s ; Wye os * Sa 2 . Do Ce


WILTSHIRE Archeological ant Potural Wrstory


Published unver the irection of the Society FORMED IN THAT COUNTY, A.D. 1853.



DEVIZES : C. H. Woopwarp, 4, St. Joun STREET,

DrEcEMBER, 1899.

Tuer Eprror of the Wiltshire Magazine desires that it should be distinctly understood that neither he nor the Committee of the Wiltshire Archeological and Natural History Society hold themselves in any way answerable for any statements or opinions expressed in the Magazine; for all of which the Authors of the several papers and communications are alone responsible.


No. LXXXIX. June,


Account of the Forty-Fourth General Meeting, at Bradford-on-Avon Restoration and the Preservation of Ancient Buildings: By C. H.

TaxBoT, President of the Society

eee eee eee neereseese

Cerner we reese rereeeeeeeeee

The Fall of the Friars’ Houses and Alien Priories in Wilts: By the

Rev. W. G. Crark-Maxweu

eee reer e ere eeeseeseee

The Church of All Saints, The Leigh: By C. E. Pontine, F.S.A.

The Society’s MSS., Chisledon and ths Short Notes . at

Wilts Obituary... A eo ecbnere, Cone i eCee Oc Don BD eEED Ser Recent Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles Recent Books by Wiltshire Authors Wilts Illustrations and Pictures Personal Notices.........cececesecseseee nen erenen ene ses eee Gifts to the Museum and Library

eee ee een etre eeeesereesesees. os

ee rr

peace eeeeeeeseeseesssssseee

eee eer OO eee eee. s eereeseee

ae eee emer e ete Sees woes OFF

POOP me eee er reeves serseeres

No. XC. Drcemser,


Account of the Forty-Fifth General Meeting, at Swindon ...... macho

The Place-Name Cricklade, a Suggestion: Maskeyne, M.A., F.R.S. Notes from the Register Books of the Parish of 17th Century: By E. Lu. Gwituim Wiltshire Words: By J. U. Powrut, M.A

The Society’s MSS; Chisledon and Draycot (Continued)

Wilts Obituary Recent Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. .

‘Recent Books, &c., by Wiltshire Authors Wiltshire Pictures and Illustrations

eee ee

Gifts to Museum and Library ..........0..cseee.seeees

By Nevin Srory Preshute during the

ne ee OOM ee wwe eee serene

Cece e eee eee etn eseeesecses

eee eee eee rr)

No. XCI. June, 1899. - Notes on Churches visited in 1898: By C. E. Ponrine, F.S.A..

Alfred Charles Smith—In Memoriam..

A Contemporary Poem on the Translation of the Cathedral from Old

to New Sarum: Communicated by A. R. MaLpEN

Notes on a Roman Building, and Interments, lately discovered at

Swindon: By A. D. PassmorE The Society’s MSS.—Note I.

Cee reenter ae eae ees cceses

Bee ee renew eee arene

ere ee were esses ease se eases

On Fragments of a Saxon Cross Shaft, found at Minety, and Saxon

Silver Ornament from Cricklade: By the Rev. E. H. Gopparp

Contributions towards a Wiltshire Glossary: By G. E. DarTNELL and the Rev. E. H. Gopparn (Continued) ......... ccc ccc ccc ccc cee eeecec eens sane

Wilts Obituary

PTO ere et etree a wnnns we eeeeee agree eeeseserees

Recent Wiltshire Books, Articles, &c. ......... <2 a eg RRS

Wilts Illustrations, Pictures, &. ..........c...cseeeeee

Books, &c., by Wiltshire Authors... . Gifts to Museum and Library ............... PeREEtEE

Peete eee ewer eeerereer es eee

CO eee tween ee eereeeeeeeeins

169 198


217 221


233 271 279 284 286 289


No. XCII. Degcemser, 1899.

Account of the Forty-Sixth General Meeting, at Amesbury ............ 291 On a Remarkable Vessel found at Lattom ...........:seeceesseseeeteeeeeeees 303 Additions to the Society’s Collection of Wiltshire Tokens ............... 304 The Society’s MSS. Chisledon (Continued) ..+.......eceeceeesereecscsereees 307 Notes on the Arms of Cardinal Pole: By the Ruv. E. E. Doruine... . 338

Notes on Two Pieces of English Medieval Embroidery preserved in the Churches of Sutton Benger and Hullavington. By W. H. Sr.

POEUN CELOPE bloscodecs coseeercs -eleevsdecheceedesvedoecsmecreesssatracpiares casa omee 343 Recent Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles..............-scseeeees ia 352 Wilts Illustrations and Pictures .......scesece+...seeee cooctebsopeansssacceaee ry 362 Books, &c., by Wiltshire AUthors.........ssscessseeeessecesceeeerrrsseeeneeesees 365 Wilts Obittary.............csescseeceecceccsecssenseeseessssesseceseescescetecnseseee 368 Gifts to Museum and Library .........cceseceeeceesee evbcssbeptiaed-apetcmeee ees 371


Large Earthenware Vessel found in Tidcombe Churchyard, 59.

Old Houses (1682), Highworth, Wilts, 175. Stanton Fitzwarren Chancel Arch, 180. Font, Stanton Fitzwarren, Wilts, 182. Bronze Fibula, dis- covered at Okus, Swindon, 218. Roman Villa, Okus, Swindon, plan of, 218. Fragments of Saxon Cross Shaft from Minety, and Saxon Silver Ornament from Cricklade, 230.

Pot of Romano-British Age (?) found at Latton, 303. A Shield of Cardinal Pole’s Arms, 338. Figure of saint in Embroidery in Sutton Benger Church, 349.


Atchealagical ond Hatural Arstory


No. LXXXIX. JUNE, 1898. Vor. XXX. Contents. PAGE Account oF THE Forty-FourTH GENERAL MEETING AT BraDFORD-

BU WTE ARVICIN he foe comn ace at dhs sacle cer otea eal: calsse nas abcloes.oaejoe cevdicntnocsusiennene i! ResToRaTION AND THE PRESERVATION OF ANcIENT BuiLpiNnes: By

C, H. Talbot, President of the Society ...........:ssssssseesereseeesterseenneees 12 Tan Fatt or THE Friars’ Hovsgs AND ALIEN Priorizs IN WILTS:

By the Rev. W. G. Clark-Maxwell .........secscsceseneseeseseeeeeenenceraaeene 20 Tue CuurcH oF ALL Saints. Tue Leen: By C.E. Ponting, FSA. 35 Tur Socrrty’s MSS.: CHISELDON AND DRAYCOT .........scseseeeeeeeeees 38 PPTORT: MOTHS: cove cscs cposseuccecccielasentedgscececsvedsccscccocnocesceundesmna: sesnuce 54 Wits OBITUARY ...... ie aa eeeesaes) ©) GO Recent WILTSHIRE Bocen: eves: AND Shrinraeann 66 Recent Booxs BY WILTSHIRE AUTHORS...........cceeseee seecenseeceaeecoes 75 Witts IntustpaTions AND PicTuREs . 78 Persona Novices .......... Baabs © 79 Girts TO THE MuskUM AND ee ; 81

ILLUSTRATION. Large Earthenware Vessel found in Tidcombe Churchyard 59

DEVIZES :—C. H. Woopwarp, 4, Saint JoHN STREET.


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JUNE, 1898.


OF THE Wiltshire Archeological anv Natural History Society, HELD AT BRADFORD-ON-AVON, July 27th, 28th, and 29th, 1897. CG. H. Tarzor, Ese., President of the Society, in the Chair.

TUESDAY, JULY 277u, 1897.

==.he General Annual Meeting of the Society was held ‘at the Town Hall, at 2.45, some twenty-two Members being present at the proceedings. The Report (see vol. xxix., p. 221) was read by Mr. Mepricorr, and its adoption was moved by Lorp Epmonp Frrzmavrice, and seconded by ARCHDEACON Bucwanan. The Officers of the Society were re-elected, on the motion of Mr. J. Movrron, and the appointment of two new Local Secretaries, provisionally made by the Committee, was con- firmed—the Rev. C. V. Goddard, of Shrewton, for the Salisbury Plain district; and Mr. A. D. Passmore for the Swindon neigh- bourhood, in the room of Mr. Kinneir, resigned, and Mr. Shopland,

ee ee

1 The Editor desires to acknowledge the assistance he has received from the account of the Meeting given by the Devizes Gazette.


2 The Forty-Fourth General Meeting.

deceased. Mr. Toone, of Devizes, was appointed Honorary Auditor in the place of Mr. Wilshin, resigned ; and Mr. N. Story Maskelyne was re-appointed as the Society’s representative on the Wootton Bassett Town Trust. This concluded the business of the Meeting, and the Members proceeded to visit the many objects of interest in the town under the guidance of Mr. C. 8. Apyz.

The Saxon Church of St. Aldhelm of the 8th century (see vol. xiii., p. 274) was first visited, and Mr. Apyer described the measures that were taken for the rescue of the building from the degraded condition in which Canon Jones first discovered it.

The Parish Church, just across the road, next claimed the attention of the Members. Internally, however, it is one of the many victims of over-restoration, during which process many of its original features were practically destroyed. The interesting Dole Stone in the churchyard claimed some attention as being remarkably similar to the example lately brought to light at Potterne. From this point the party strolled along the narrow and singularly picturesque streets of the town—no town in the county can vie with Bradford in the picturesqueness and quaintness of its streets as they cling to the steep hillside, reminding one in some ways more of France or Italy than England—across the ancient Bridge with narrow pointed arches to the magnificent Barton Barn, with its two great projecting arched gateways and grand timbered roof. Probably few finer examples of the tithe barn are to be seen in England. Some discussion took place as to the date of the building, Mr. Apye inclining to the 15th century, whilst Mr. Tarsor stood out for the latter part of the 14th. The Farm House adjoining contains considerable remains of antiquity too—notably a remarkable room over the roadway— which seems to be of about the same date as the barn itself, #.e., either late 14th or early 15th century.

The next move was by way of the Town Bridge, with its picturesque projecting lock-up, built on the corbelled out walls of the ancient Chapel, through the town, passing on the way the two half-timbered houses in The Shambles, with their beauti- fully-carved barge boards, to The Hall, formerly known as

The Annual Dinner. 3

Kingston House,! where tea had been most kindly prepared in

the garden by Mrs. Movtron. The beautiful place, with its terraces

and flower borders, was looking its best, and after tea Mr. Mouton gave a short account of the history of the building and of the reasons which had induced him to change the name from Kingston House” to “The Hall.” Built probably in the reign of James I., possibly by John Thorpe, for one of the Hall family, who seem to have been seated here long before this date, it passed when the last of that family died in 1711 to Miss Baynton, who married the heir presumptive to the Dukedom of Kingston, their son be-

' coming the second Duke, who married Miss Chudleigh, the notorious

Duchess. From the end of the last century until it was bought by the father of the present owner in 1848 the house fell on evil times and practically ceased to be used as a residence, part of it being utilised for manufacturing purposes. After its purchase by Mr. Stephen Moulton the building, especially the front, was extensively restored. In the interior, in addition to the fine fireplaces and plaster ceilings, attention was especially called to the curious minstrels’ gallery over the porch, which has no visible means of access to it; to the three pieces of tapestry hanging in the hall, which belong to the house; and to a beautiful rapier (ci. 1600 ?) also found in the house during the progress of the restoration.

The Annual Dinner, to which twenty-eight sat down, was held at the New Bear Hotel, the company afterwards adjourning to the Town Hall, where they were serenaded on their arrival by

‘the Town Band—the effect in the irregular little square, with the

many narrow streets opening into it, crowded with people looking on, suggesting an evening scene in some town on the Continent rather than in our own County of Wilts.

The Conversazione, though only attended by some thirty- four persons, proved an interesting one, Mr. Talbot leading off with his inaugural address on Restoration and the Preservation of Ancient Buildings, followed by the

Rev. W. G. Clark-Maxwell, on “The Suppression of

Alien Priories and Friar’s Houses in Wilts.” Both these ———eeOooowowawwta_oeoooo -

‘See Wilts Arch. Mag., vol. i., p. 265. : A 2


4 The Forty-Fourth General Meeting. papers will be found at a later page of the Magazine.


The party for the first day’s excursion, which numbered twenty- nine at lunch time, left the Town Hall at 9.30, and drove to Westwood, where the Church and Manor House were visited, under the guidance of Mr. C. 8. Apyr. One of the most in- teresting points about the Church, of late 15th century archi- tecture, for the most part, with some remnants—as the priest’s door in the chancel—of the 18th century, is the considerable amount of old glass which remains in the east and south windows of the chancel. In the central light is the Crucifixion, and in the upper lights SS. Peter, Andrew, John Baptist, and Michael weighing souls—whilst in the lower side lights are figures holding shields with the emblems of the Passion. These emblems are the whips, crown of thorns, the mocking, myrrh, spear and sponge, lanthorn, nails, purse, ladder and reed, and another which is un- decipherable. The ‘‘ mocking” and the “myrrh” are treated in a very. curious way—the former typified by a hand pulling a beard, the latter by a pestle and mortar. Considerable remains of the rood-screen have been made up into choir stalls, the woodwork where deficient having been copied in cast iron. The tower, with its picturesquely capped turret and richly pannelled belfry stage, is perhaps the finest of the small group of towers of somewhat similar design, of which Yatton Keynell is another notable example, most of which are found in this corner of the county.

The Manor House, now sunk to the condition of a farm- house! stands close to the Church ; and if we except Great Chalfield, there are few more charming groups of buildings to be found in Wiltshire than the two sides of the old house, with the Church and its fine tower showing just beyond them. ‘The interior, too, has very much of interest—panelling, fine plaster ceilings, and good fireplaces—whilst the sundial now standing on the side wall of the | forecourt, with its numerous hollows, each of which held a separate dial—though somewhat like that from Ivychurch, (described in vol.

1 Tilustrated in Elyard’s ““ Some Old Wiltshire Homes.”

. 4 : q i P 4 A

Wednesday, July 28th. 5

xxvii., p. 236) seems an even more elaborate specimen. Altogether this house would well repay fuller illustration and more careful examination than it has yet received, for Mr. Elyard’s one drawing and sketchy account of it does not by any means exhaust the subject.

From this point the carriages drove, and their occupants walked, for the most part by precipitous ways, to Farleigh Hungerford, where The Castle was first explored, still under the leadership of Mr. Apye—the border of the County of Wilts having been crossed some yards on the further side of the stream which runs below the Castle walls. Of the Castle itself the gate towers and two corner towers of the inner court, with parts of the curtain walls, are the chief portions remaining—the domestic ‘buildings having entirely disappeared. The chapel, however, remains intact, and is used as a sort of museum—the walls being hung with a large

‘collection of arms and armour, mostly of the Civil War period.

The grand tombs of the Hungerfords in the projecting chapel are, of course, the principal objects of interest, but there are many things worth seeing—the fine ironwork of the grille and nice glass in the windows (of various nationalities and dates, chiefly 16th and 17thcentury). In a vault under this chapel, seen through the bars of an iron gate, lie the lead coffins of those whose effigies appear above.

Farleigh Church was described by Mr. Apyx, on the strength of an existing consecration deed, as having been built late in the 15th century by Walter, Lord Hungerford, but Mr. Ponrine pointed out that, judging by the architecture of the nave, the body

of the Church would appear to be rather of 14th century date—

altered, and with the tower added, late in the 15th century. In the glass of the south window of the chancel appear the Hungerford | arms, charmingly introduced in the centre of three interlaced sickles. There is also old glass in the east window. | > At this point an adjournment was made, for lunch, to the Hungerford Arms, after which the party proceeded through the beautiful grounds of the modern castellated mansion, Farleigh Castle,” to Norton St. Philip, where Mr. Haroitp BraksPEAR acted as cicerone. The Church was first visited. The fine west tower, with its prominent buttresses stopping under the projecting

6 The Forty-Fourth General Meeting.

cornice of the top, is the most remarkable feature of the building— but there are many other points of interest, of which the small groined western porch, added later to the tower, the fine wooden screens of the north and south aisles, and the well-preserved recumbent effigy of a merchant in the wall of the south aisle, are perhaps the most prominent. The speciality of Norton St. Philip, however, is the George Inn, probably one of the finest examples of a 15th century hostelry remaining in England, with not only its exterior but also its rooms inside remaining for the most part unaltered since the Duke of Monmouth slept in one of them before the Battle of Sedgemoor. It is a half-timbered building, with a lower story of stone, and a most picturesque chimney at the point of one of the gables of the roof. A curious quadrangular Pigeon House, of larger size than they are generally found, standing behind the Queen Anne manor-house was also visited. It presents but few architectural features to judge from and may be of either 15th or 16th century date.

The last place to be visited on this day’s excursion was Hinton Charterhouse, where the remains of the Carthusian House, standing in the grounds and now‘forming part of the offices of the house built from its ruins after the Dissolution, were inspected, by kind permission of Mr. Hearucorr, still with Mr. Braksprar as guide and expounder. The “modern” house is a picturesque gabled building, of which the oldest part appears to be a portion of the original gate-house of the abbey—but the chief interest lies in the ivy-covered remains of the domestic buildings of the abbey, the Church of which has entirely disappeared. The groined chapter- house, with a chamber over, remains perfect. The architectural details of the interior exist in a remarkably uninjured state, and are of the best work of the 13th century. The pigeon house formed in the roof was generally taken to be a post-Dissolution addition. Besides this there still stands a range of buildings of 13th century date which formed the guest-house and the calefactory of the abbey; the latter having the remains of a fine 13th century fireplace. After seeing all there was to be seen at leisure, the party returned to Bradford, having spent a most enjoyable day, in which,

Wednesday, July 28th. 7

it is true, three out of the four places visited were outside the boundaries of our county, but were none the less interesting on that account—the main feature of the day’s excursion being that, contrary to our usual custom, the Members had ample time to see each place visited we//—a condition which did not obtain on the next day’s excursion. The weather was very good on the whole for the purpose in hand, a slight mizzly rain which fell at Farleigh for a while was not enough to do any harm, and the remainder of the day was dry and free from heat and dust.

At the Conversazione at the Town Hall, in the evening, only some thirty-one persons were present, but what was lacking in numbers was made up for by the interest taken in the papers read. Dr. John Beddoe, F.R.S., led off with an address on “The Ethnology of Wilts,” a subject which has hardly been touched hitherto by the Society, and on which no one.could speak with so much authority as himself. Several Members joined in the discussion which followed the address—the BisHor or Ciirron


asking whether any explanation could be given of the great number of serfs in Gloucestershire mentioned in Domesday, whilst Mr: W. H. Bet reminded the Doctor of the presence of Paleolithic man in the river drift of Salisbury, Mr. Connorne and Mr. C. Smuvprson asked questions as to the Wiltshire Eye” spoken of by Dr. Beddoe in one of his works as characteristic of Wiltshire recruits in the army, and the Rev. E. H. Gopparp asked whether

_ Dr. Beddoe would assign any importance as a race characteristic

to the great difference in intonation and accent which undoubtedly exists between North and South Wilts, and to the way in which the southern accent is found more especially developed in certain districts. Dr. Beppor thought this a line of investigation that might be followed with profit, and the results of which would probably point to differences of race. He had not, however, himself paid any attention to it. .

The Rev. A. D. Hill, Vicar of Downton, then read a paper

on discoveries quite recently made at Breamore Church, just

over the Hampshire border, illustrated by drawings and rubbings of a curious inscription—from which it appears that the walls and

8 The Forty-Fourth General Meeting.

some details of a Saxon Church of much interest have existed hidden away under rough cast, &c., quite unsuspected, to the present time. It seems due chiefly to Mr. Hill’s knowledge and enthusiasm that the value of this discovery has been duly appreciated by those who have the restoration of the Church in hand, though unhappily a good deal of damage in the way of the destruction of the old Saxon plaster had been done before Mr. Hill came on the scene. This paper also evoked a good deal of discussion, the audience being evidently much interested in the discovery. Mr. Hill’s account of the Church will be printed in The Archeological Journal.

A series of really fine enlarged carbon photographs of the principal buildings in Bradford were exhibited by Mx. W. Doresto, and he generously presented the Society with two admirable views of the Saxon Church.


The carriages again left Bradford at 9.30, and passing through Holt without stopping, halted at Broughton Gifford Church, where Mr. Apyr acted as cicerone. Some discussion arose as to the age of the arcade of the north aisle—most of the arehitectural Members being unable to agree with Mr. Apye in placing the date anything like as late as the 15th century.

After leaving the Church the carriages halted for a moment in front of the Old Manor House in the village, which still remains much as it was built by Sir John Horton in the year 1629, and then proceeded to Monkton, where the occupier—Mr. Buake— most courteously received the party and allowed them to wander over his house from top to bottom. Though this fine old house is visible from the railway, few of the Members had ever had an opportunity of visiting it before. In his History of Broughton Gifford, the Rey. J. Wilkinson (Wilts Arch. Mag., vol. v., p. 341) repeats a local tradition as to the manner in which Mr. Samuel Shering, whose portrait still hangs in the dining-room, became possessed of the property which belonged to the Duke of Kingston, for whom he acted as steward; Mr. Bike, in showing the picture,

Wednesday, July 28th. 9

made a point of stating that there was no evidence whatever that there was anything underhand about the purchase, and that Mr. Shering was probably at least as honest a man as his master, the Duke. Before proceeding to inspect the inside Mr. W. H. Bety gave a short account of the history and architecture of the house— the latter principally of the 17th century, the fine front door being of this date; though Mr. Tatnor gave his reasons for believing that the gable over the door is earlier than the rest of the house. In the interior there are several fireplaces of interest, one of which, in a bedroom, of Gothic design very rudely wrought, though it looks of earlier date and is so stated to be by Mr. Wilkinson (Wilts Arch. Mag., vol. v., p. 338), was thought by

- those qualified to judge to be more likely to be a poor copy of

Gothic work by the later masons, and to really belong to the house itself. On three of the bedroom doors very fine and interesting iron locks remain, some of them apparently of 16th century design. So interesting, indeed, were these and other details of the charming

old house, that it was with difficulty that several Members were induced to leave the attics at all and re-enter the carriages in obedience to the blasts of the Secretary’s horn.

The next stop was at Beamacre, where Mr. W. H. Brett again acted as guide to the two charming old manor-houses, only divided by a single field—each complete in itself—the one, of the 15th century, which belonged to the Daniels, the other, of the 17th

century, which owes its origin to the Selfes, who, on acquiring the

Pe ee ee See eee . ?

property, had the excellent taste to leave their predecessors’ house untouched and unadded to, and to build another house for them- selves in the fashion of their time close by. There can be few places where two houses of the smaller manor kind, with two hundred years between them, exist as these do side by side still.

The older house retains its hall, with the 15th century roof,

practically intact, though now divided into two stories ; whilst the

new Jacobean dwelling, though one of its wings has been re-built, _ retains in an absolutely uninjured condition a singularly beautiful

pannelled room, with remarkably fine stone chimneypiece—lately most carefully cleaned and freed from paint and whitewash by the

10 The Forty-Fourth General Meeting.

daughters of the occupier, Mr. Dansey. The room over this is also good, the date apparently very early in the 17th century. The stables, of early 18th century date, with their oak stalls and rooms over, are quite worth notice too. Altogether the group of buildings at Beanacre is an extremely interesting one, and ought to be adequately described and illustrated.

Melksham Church was the next item on the programme. Here the Vicar, Rev. E. G. Wytp, described the building, and showed the interesting pre-Reformation paten, and the Elizabethan chalices which Canon Warre secured for the use of the parish. After this the party adjourned to the neighbouring barn, converted now into a school, for luncheon—and then entered the carriages again and drove to Seend, passing on the way Woolmer,” or ~ “Bower”? House, of red brick with stone dressings, dated 1631, and the old oak tree on which, according to local tradition, Cromwell caused three men of his own army to be hung for pillaging. Time unfortunately did not allow of a stoppage to examine the old house.

Seend Church was described by Mr. Ponrtne, but the time available for examining it was somewhat short, and the Secretary’s trumpet was soon calling the party together to depart for Keevil. Here the first thing to be seen was Mrs. Kenrick’s well-known 15th Century wooden mansion, second only in Wiltshire to the Church House at Potterne. Here Mr. Adye, who restored the building for Mrs. Kenrick, described the house; and after the Members had wandered through the hall, the drawing-room—with its restored ‘“ beasts’? painted on the wall, and remarkable panelled oak ceiling

and the many rooms upstairs—filled, as the whole house is, with old furniture, china, and curiosities of every kind— they adjourned to the garden for tea, kindly provided there by Mrs. Kenrick. The garden is in itself quite worth seeing, and with the house hung with creepers as a background makes a singularly charming picture. Mr. Anys, while discoursing on the architecture of the building, relied on the arms of the Earl of Arundel painted on the gallery of the hall as giving the date of its erection—a conclusion which Mr. Tarnor dissented from—holding that the original arms, of which the present shield is a restoration, were

Wednesday, July 28th. it

probably a good deal later than the time of the building of the house.

The Church was next visited. Mn. Apyz here also acted as cicerone, and mentioned that the painting on the roof-timbers is a faithful restoration of the original painting of the timbers, as discovered during the recent repairs of the roof.

At this point a considerable number of the Members were obliged to leave for Trowbridge to catch the evening trains—those who remained visiting the fine old gabled Manor-House—sister house to Boyton, and built by the same Lambert—with its hall and oak screens, panellings, and plaster ceilings, over which the party were conducted by Mrs. Watiineron. This concluded the excursion, for though Steeple Ashton was upon the programme, time did not allow of its being visited.

The one fault of this day’s excursion was that enough time could not be allowed at some of the places visited to thoroughly digest what there was to see—in ‘this respect the Wednesday’s ex- cw'sion was more satisfactory—but on the whole both days were very enjoyable, and except for a little drizzling rain at Farleigh the weather was all that could be desired ; Bradford itself was an interesting place to meet at, and its inhabitants laid themselves out ~ to entertain the Members of the Society with a hospitality which, except in the case of the Wilton Meeting, some years ago, has hardly been equalled elsewhere in the recent history of the Society’s meetings. Moreover, though the actual numbers attending the conversaziones or taking part in the excursions were not large, yet the papers read were above the average in interest, and those who were present were genuinely interested in the proceedings. For this success one person above all others was responsible—the Rev. W. N. C. Wueetrr, Local Secretary, upon whose shoulders the whole burden of the arrangements was practically laid, and for whose self-effacing labours to make the Meeting a success, seconded as they were by the other members of the Local Committee, the Society owes a deep debt of gratitude.


Arestoration and the Preservation of Ancient auildings. , By C. H. Tatsor, President of the Society. [Read July 27th, 1897.]

(BOUT a month ago I was confronted with a printed state-

ment that I was going to deliver an “inaugural address ”’

this evening. It therefore became necessary for me to decide on a

subject, and it appeared to me that a suitable subject, to take for

such a discourse, might be Restoration and the Preservation of Ancient Buildings.”

An idea appears to have arisen in these latter days, and those who hold it make a great noise, that Restoration and Preservation are incompatible. You will hear architects described—I might almost say sneered at—as restoring”’ architects, good enough in their way, no doubt, and according to their lights, but very dangerous men, in fact public enemies. I hold, on the contrary, that restoration is often a very necessary process, and that an architect, who is incompetent to carry out a work of restoration in a satisfactory manner, does not understand his business. The subject has been kept before my mind, of late, and, no doubt, before the minds of many other persons, by the controversy that has raged in the newspapers, on the subject of the west front of Peterborough Cathedral. I read enough of that correspondence to form a very decided opinion, and what struck me most, in the whole matter, was the great unfairness of those who attacked the Dean and Chapter of Peterborough and their architect. No architect, in his senses, would desire to take down any part of the west front of Peterborough, if he saw his way to keeping the work up, without re-building, and the experience of the architect, in this case, could not be disputed.

Another circumstance, which determined my choice of a subject,

Restoration and the Preservation of Ancient Buildings. 138

was my personal experience of a somewhat unnecessary and trouble- some correspondence with the executive of one of the societies that has figured most prominently in this controversy, owing to the society going out of its way to take up a matter that it might very well have let alone.

With regard to restoration here in Bradford, I never was inside the Parish Church before its restoration, but I think it must have lost in interest, as a consequence of that operation. I remember, at any rate, noticing, when I looked over the Church with the late Canon Jones, one or more pillars,! introduced at the restoration, of what I considered a very objectionable design, viz., with scrolls wound round them. It was explained to me that the donor desired to have Roslin”’ pillars, but that they could very easily be rectified, in the future, by removing the scroll. Roslin pillars they are not, and, if they were, they would be very much out of place. The twisted pillar, at Roslin, has a beauty of its own. These have none, and it hardly seems satisfactory to introduce a feature which will require to be rectified, in the future, by the removal of what was intended to be its ornament.

_ Considerable care was taken in dealing with the small Saxon Church, in the matter of restoration, and I don’t suppose that much fault will be found with what was done there.

I now come to the fine house that was built by one of the Hall family, apparently early in the seventeenth century. This house, looks particularly well, when seen from below, as from a spot near the Barton farm and bridge. I had once the advantage of being shown over the house, by the late Mr. Stephen Moulton, to whom great credit is due for restoring it, as a dwelling-house, after it had fallen to meaner uses. Mr. Moulton pointed out to me one small alteration, that he had made, which I thought a mistake, though I could not very well tell him so, and I should probably not have found it out, if he had not drawn attention to it himself. On one of the fireplaces were certain bosses or spherical projections, which

1 Written before I re-visited the Church, with the Society. The number is two.

14. ~—- Restoration and the Preservation of Ancient Buildings.

he thought heavy, and so had them ! carved into flowers like dahlias. I think that, whether the original design was entirely satisfactory to the eye or not, it lost in value by the alteration.

The present owner, my host on the present occasion, prefers that his house should be called “The Hall.” The Hall family, no doubt, derived their name from a formerly existing hall, in Bradford, which may very probably have stood on the same spot, but is there any evidence that the present house was ever, until the present time, called the Hall? ‘The interest of the building is, however, independent of its name.

There is an interesting house, of the fifteenth century, in the short street called the Shambles, which, I am happy to see, still remains uninjured. It has formerly had small projecting oriels. To the best of my recollection, I once saw a house at Keevil, a little out of the village, retaining such an oriel of the fifteenth century.

I have not heard that the hand of any restorer has, as yet, touched Westwood, which we are to see to-morrow, where the Church has a very fine late tower, which I suppose may be of the time of Henry the Eighth, and where I remember a beautiful wooden ceiling, at the end of one of the aisles, apparently of the same date. The manor-house also is very interesting and contains some curious plaster work.

Our excursion, on Thursday next, must take us past a very in- teresting old house, close to the road from Melksham to Seend,

1 Mr. John Moulton called my attention, by letter, since the meeting, to an apparent inaccuracy in my reference to this fireplace, which is the one in the dining-room, viz., that I was reported as having said that alZ the bosses were altered by the late Mr. Moulton into dahlias. It was not my intention to be so understood, and it will be seen that such a report must have gone beyond what I said. Mr. Moulton added that one of the bosses only is intended as a dahlia, the others being roses of the orthodox design, and that his father told him that the introduction of the dahlia was by way of a joke in order to puzzle architects and others. That agrees with my recollection of what the late Mr. Moulton told me, the point being, I believe, that the dahlia was not introduced into England until a later date than that of the building of the house. I was writing simply from my recollection of a conversation, at one short interview, years ago. My impression was that one or more of the bosses, but certainly not all, had been carved into dahlias. What flowers the others had been carved into I did not recollect.

By C. H. Talbot. 15

which would be a very good subject for a judicious and conservative restoration. In the meantime, I commend it to the notice of artists and photographers. The Members of the Society should, I think, stop, and, at least, view the outside of it. The house is in the parish of Melksham, and, I believe, in the tithing of Woolmer, and is called “Woolmer” by some. The present occupier, I think, ealls it Bower Hill.” A reference to the old map by Dury and Andrews, 1773, seems to show that its old name was Bower House.” It was all built, at one date, in the time of Charles the First, and is very little altered. Over the principal door are the letters G MH above the date 1631, and I expect that investigation will show it to have been built by a member of the Hulbert family, for this reason. A bread charity was left to the parish of Lacock, by George Hulbert, of Covent Garden, which is a charge upon land at Woolmer, in the parish of Melksham. As however this appears to have been founded by will, in 1629, he could not himself be the builder of the house. The house is remarkable, in this part of the country, as being built of brick with stone dressings.

_ It has a range of small gables, at the sides, and a similar range, at

the front and back, has either been removed, or intended but never erected. Many of the original fireplaces remain, of got character,

and all very similar.

At Keevil we shall see a timber-built house of the fifteenth

eentury, which has been restored and added to. This is a case in

a ~ = Se eee ud

which I think that the restoration was a little too sweeping, and more so, I believe, than was the wish of the owner. The builder employed on the restoration, who also did the Porch House at Potterne, was a very good man for the work, and the only man I ever knew who restored wattle-and-dab properly. Lath-and-plaster is generally substituted for decayed wattle-and-dab, but does not